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Major Spring Auction

Saturday 29. May 2010 at 3 p.m.

292 Lots
  • Genje with a Star Design

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    • Lot81
    • OriginCentral Caucasus
    • Dimensions260 x 126 cm
    • Age19th century
    • Estimate EUR3,500

    Twelve carpets and flatweaves from the ORIENT STARS Collection.

    The following twelve lots originate from the „Orient Stars“ Collection. They were offered before at the „Orient Stars“ special auction held by RIPPON BOSWELL on 2nd October 1999. Comprehensively catalogued by us at the time, all objects are also illustrated and discussed in the „Orient Stars“ publication. In view of the museum character of these collectors items, we have dispensed with descriptions of their condition. Collector E. Heinrich Kirchheim, now deceased, placed more emphasis on the artistic expression, beauty, rarity, cultural and historic importance of the objects in his collection than their state of preservation, a perspective many important collectors develop during the course of their collecting lives. All carpets and kilims were expertly cleaned and conserved prior to publication in „Orient Stars“ in 1993. Most of the fragments or objects surviving in fragmented form were backed with canvas and some of them framed. Below, references to the publication, „KIRCHHEIM, E. HEINRICH, Orient Stars. Eine Teppichsammlung. Stuttgart-London 1993“ will be abbreviated to „OS“; our previous catalogue of the „Orient Stars“ auction is referenced „RB“.

    “One might dub this rug, and its handful of close relatives, ‘E type’ Star Kazaks. ... Note how the internal design of the central red star also parallels the basis Star Kazak design concept, as well as the surrounding sickle leaf forms, and the ‘S’ forms in the border.” (HK)

    This village rug from the Gendje region is obviously a successor to the B type Star Kazaks, sharing their elongated format. Its narrow border with stylised dragon motifs relates it to no. OS-2. The complex Star Kazak “explosion” design is seen here in a greatly simplified version.

    Literature:
    HERRMANN, EBERHART, Seltene Orientteppiche 6. Munich 1984, no. 27

    • Lot82
    • OriginEast Caucasus
    • Dimensions277 x 144 cm
    • Age18th century
    • Estimate EUR6,500

    “I particularly like the dramatic contrast between the calm of the camel-brown ground and the powerful, typically Caucasian, ornaments. The strongly outlined hooked blue medallions , which can be related to those seen on plate 69, are balanced by the less clearly defined central red medallion, as in the Star Kazaks. The cartouches between have evolved into stars.” (HK)

    Attributed to the Shirvan region on account of its structure, this carpet falls outside the East Caucasian design tradition of densely filled spaces. The three primary forms are accompanied by only a few secondary designs, and seem to float above the ground. Due to its harsh outlines, the pronounced reciprocity of its design and the archaic simplicity of its border, this Shirvan seems a nomadic rather than a village product.
  • Shahsavan Bag Face

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    • Lot83
    • OriginSouth East Caucasus, Moghan region
    • Dimensions58 x 56 cm
    • AgeMid 19th century
    • Estimate EUR1,800

    “A kilim-related design which lends itself to a wide variety of interpretations. Note the Karachoph-related ‘tree’ design in the skirt.”

    Like the “tortoise” and “compass” designs, the “four-and-one” medallion design seen in this sumakh bag front formed an integral part of Shasavan. Surviving examples differ chiefly in their borders. An almost identical bag was published in the exhibition catalogue, “Mideast Meets Midwest”.

    Literature:
    STONE, PETER, Mideast Meets Midwest. Ethnographic Rugs From Midwest Collections. Chicago 1993, no. 42 *** FRAUENKNECHT, BERTRAM, Schahsavan Sumakh Taschen. Fürth 1993, figs. 19, 20

    • Lot84
    • OriginSouth Caucasus
    • Dimensions252 x 130 cm
    • Age17th / 18th century
    • Estimate EUR7,500
    “The Orient Stars Collection also contains a rug with a centralised design which could be interpreted as Archaic Alpan pattern... It has no central star, and not much geometry in the field design, but clearly there is a relationship if ideas between the overall field design and that of the embroideries illustrated in plates 45 and 46. As with the ivory-ground Orient Stars example, the design is a centralised endless repeat.” (MF, p. 105)
  • Antalya Kilim

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    • Lot85
    • OriginSouth Anatolia
    • Dimensions386 x 155 cm
    • Age18th century
    • Estimate EUR6,500

    “On the basis of colour arrangement and structure this outstanding kilim can be placed among a group of weavings from the Antalya region, which Belkis Balpinar first described in the literature in 1984... A very interesting fragment, differing only in small details from the kilim introduced here, is in the Galveston Collection, and another small fragment – perhaps also part of this group or possibly of the west Anatolian red-ground group – is in the McCoy Jones Collection... The weaving illustrated here must be the most beautiful and most interesting, as well as the oldest example in this group of kilims from the Antalya region known to date.” (JR)

    We can only speculate about the age, tribal origin and purpose of this important kilim. Based on its mirror-image composition and measurements, it might have been one of the heraldic camel trappings used by Anatolian nomads until very recently. The pattern appears imbued with mystery. The solemn, statuesque figures crested with ram horns at both ends of the field exude a numinous aura. They appear to send signals to each other across the blood-red plain ground, and to communicate with the cruciform diamond at the centre. The expression “cult kilim” springs to the mind when looking at this flatweave, the only completely preserved example of its kind.

    Literature:
    COOTNER, CATHRYN & MUSE, GARRY, Anatolian Kilims. The Caroline & H. McCoy Jones Collection. San Francisco-London 1990, no. 101 *** PETSOPOULOS, YANNI, 100 Kelims. Meisterwerke aus Anatolien. Munich 1991, no. 30

  • Balikesir Kilim Fragment

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    • Lot86
    • OriginNorth West Anatolia
    • Dimensions295 x 70 cm
    • Age18th century
    • Estimate EUR3,000

    “This kilim was the first important example of its design type to come onto the Istanbul market, via the village of Savashteppe... This example is fragmented; it is missing the red surround with the pinnacle or finger-like transition to the field.” (JR)

    Two other fragments of this kilim type have been published. No. 14 in Konzett, classified as “Yüncü”, still has the “parmakli” side finishes while the example from the McCoy Jones Collection only constitutes the centre part of the field, as does OS-87. The design might be linked to pile-woven carpets, such as inv. no. E-16 (16th cent.) in the Istanbul Vakiflar Museum, or derived from these.

    Literature:
    COOTNER, CATHRYN & MUSE, GARRY, Anatolian Kilims. The Caroline & H. McCoy Jones Collection. San Francisco-London 1990, pl. 22 *** PLOIER, HELMUT, Gewebte Poesie. Frühe anatolische Kelims. Sammlung Konzett. Graz 1991, no. 14

  • Cappadocian Kilim

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    • Lot87
    • OriginCentral Anatolia
    • Dimensions387 x 170 cm
    • AgePre 1800
    • Estimate EUR5,000
    “In contrast to plate 90, this is a weaving with a very typical kilim design composition. So called ‘skirts’, which could almost no longer be described as borders, make up the secondary fields which adjoin the central field at both ends... The strong colours and the madder-pink ground which is beautifully contrasted with a few light blue areas, are particularly attractive. This gives the kilim an unusual and outstanding colour harmony.” (JR)
  • Karapinar Saf Kilim

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    • Lot88
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Konya region
    • Dimensions275 x 145 cm
    • AgePre 1800
    • Estimate EUR5,000
    Of the three saf klims offered here, this splendidly coloured fragment, attributable to Karapinar, shows the greatest degree of abstraction. For this reason it seems decidedly more “modern” than the other two pieces. Its drawing is purely abstract, and its colours play the central role in producing the overall effect. Originally the kilim might have had seven niche fields. Another saf fragment belonging to the same special group was published in the Kailash Gallery book, and one half of a further example was recently sold by us.

    Literature:
    AMPE, PATRICK & RIE, Textile Art. A personal choice (Kailash Gallery). Antwerp 1994, no.15

  • Hotamis Kelim

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    • Lot89
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Konya region Karapinar
    • Dimensions444 x 174 cm
    • AgeCa. 1800
    • Estimate EUR3,500
    Woven in two panels, this red-ground kilim may be attributed, like OS-101, to the Hotamis Turkomans from the region south of Karapinar. It has a similar design construction with two carnation elems and gül-like hexagons, although here the latter have been arranged to form two parallel pattern bands.

    Literature:
    FRAUENKNECHT, BERTRAM, Frühe türkische Tapisserien. Nuremberg 1984, pl. 43

  • Sivrihisar Flatweave

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    • Lot90
    • OriginWestern Central Anatolia
    • Dimensions182 x 76 cm
    • Age19th century
    • Estimate EUR850

    “This central Anatolian flatweave is reminiscent of the famous 15th century animal carpet in the Ethnographic Museum, Konya, published by Kurt Erdmann. The composition of the central field in that unique carpet could almost have been the prototype for this piece... The fact that such a 15th century design concept should have survived relatively unchanged on a 19th century flatweave supports the argument for strong design continuity in flatweaves. This was not the case with pile-woven carpets, which were much more influenced by changing fashions.” (JR)

    The animal carpet in the Mevlana Museum that this brocaded flatweave indeed resemples, is now dated to the 13th cent. The presence of an indigo sulphone dyestuff in OS-106 does not exclude a date around 1800 for this flatweave; that dyeing technique is documented in Saxony from 1740 onwards, and could have been known in Anatolia before 1800