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POPPMEIER COLLECTION II

Saturday 23. March 2019 at 3 p.m.

91 Lots
    • Lot21
    • OriginWest Anatolia
    • Dimensions370 x 172 cm
    • AgeCa. 1800
    • Estimate EUR2,800 - 4,000
    A large village kilim from the surroundings of Afyon, very finely woven in a single piece. The field design consists of four wide, alternately brown-red and blue panels which each contain two huge nested parmakli lozenges identical in shape and colour. They are separated by white-ground dividing stripes of small diamonds aligned on a pole. All the white sections are woven in cotton. – Kilims presenting this powerful, strictly geometric design were usually woven without lateral borders, allowing the flowing composition to continue into infinity in the horizontal direction. Examples from various regions have survived, with distinct differences in palette, style and secondary designs. Woven in mellow colours and in a typical style of drawing, this kilim displays all the features of Afyon weavings. – Corroded light brown sections, several holes, otherwise well preserved. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    BALPINAR 1982, Tf. 12 *** KELIM-CONNECTION 1999, Nr. 22

    Published:
    KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 39

    • Lot22
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Karapinar region
    • Dimensions163 x 95 cm
    • AgeCa. 1800
    • Estimate EUR700 - 900
    In this large fragment – a section from the field of a white-ground Hotamis Turkmen kilim – the huge scale of the two primary designs arranged in an alternating rhythm is impressive. One complete hexagon and the surviving half of a further one, each enclosing a hooked hexagon on a green or a tomato-red ground, are aligned on the central axis of the field. Designs composed of three merging brown diamonds are offset against them, their powerful, lateral double hooks combining with the white ground of the field to create reciprocal hooks. More than likely conceived in exact mirror image, the dimensions of the lateral motifs provide a clue to the original width of the kilim: the field alone would have been some 260 centimetres wide. Taking into account the borders and assuming that the kilim was probably two-and-a-half or even three times as long as it was wide, we arrive at truly monumental dimensions. It raises the question of the purpose for which a kilim of this size would have been produced. – Mounted onto canvas.

    Published:
    KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 44

    • Lot23
    • OriginSouth East Anatolia
    • Dimensions372 x 84 cm
    • AgeFirst half 19th century
    • Estimate EUR2,500 - 3,300
    Half of a large kilim originally in two parts. The six wide horizontal panels in green, red, dark blue and brown once contained a row of three diamonds with stepped outlines and two smaller diamonds attached to their vertical corners. Embellished with six stars, this design is encountered in many kilims of the region and frequently occurs in the far more finely woven Reyhanli kilims. The panels are separated by white-ground horizontal stripes of varying widths. The wide horizontal stripes show the same design as the white-ground vertical border. It is likely that this colourful kilim was made by a Kurdish tribal group in the Gaziantep area, i.e. the region bordering North Syria. In his reference book, "Kilims", Petsopoulos cites examples of this kind by the generic name of "Aleppo" which derives from the place were they used to be traded. – Several holes, corroded brown. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    PETSOPOULOS 1980, Nr. 203 *** BALPINAR/HIRSCH 1982, Tf. 53

    • Lot24
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Karapinar region
    • Dimensions380 x 183 cm
    • AgePre 1800
    • Estimate EUR2,600 - 3,500
    This two-panel kilim with a field divided into three design sections is a Hotamis Turkmen weaving. Reduced in length by ca. 45 centimetres, it has survived in fragmented condition. Like the comparative piece published by Brüggemann, the red-brown field centre of open design originally contained six of the large hexagons decorated with stepped polygons. The outstanding quality of the purples and greens indicates a very early date. – Several missing sections, damaged sides, mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    BRÜGGEMANN 1993, Tf. 72 *** BALPINAR/HIRSCH 1982, Tf. 27 *** ESKENAZI 1984, Tf. 15 *** KIRCHHEIM 1993, Nr. 101 *** COOTNER/MUSE 1990, Tf. 61

    • Lot25
    • OriginNorth West Anatolia, Izmir Province
    • Dimensions188 x 132 cm
    • AgeMid 19th century
    • Estimate EUR900 - 1,200
    This rare kilim from the Bergama region presents the traditional design of horizontal stripes. Kilims of this kind saw daily use as household textiles, so only a very few antique examples have survived. Finely woven in light and brilliant colours, the quality of this kilim differs greatly from that of later pieces; it is probably one of the oldest known examples. Six design bands of brocaded, undulating white vines and halved reciprocal crosses are each flanked by two narrow ochre stripes of brocaded S-forms. The spaces between them each contain three plain horizontal stripes in red, green and blue, separated from one another by very thin stripes of different colour. Although simple in concept, the design appears neither static nor monotonous on account of the movement created by the undulating lines, the different widths of the stripes and the variations in colour, resulting in a surprisingly lively effect. An analogous kilim is in the Tomm Collection. – Signs of age and wear, several holes, missing sections along the sides and end finishes. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    TOMM, 2005, Nr. 14

    • Lot26
    • OriginWest Anatolia, Afyon region
    • Dimensions347 x 91cm
    • AgeMid 19th century
    • Estimate EUR2,000 - 2,500
    Half of a white-ground kilim originally woven in two panels by the Saçikara Yürük, who still lived in West Anatolia during the first half of the 19th century but later migrated east. Six large hexagons with hooked outlines, each enclosing a diamond likewise decorated with hooks, have been stacked vertically to fill most of the field. Elongated diamonds with serrated, monochrome interior designs converge along the central axis. The second half would have shown the same design in mirror image. The field is framed by a very narrow border, its inner sides crenellated and its outer sides decorated with double hooks. The seemingly winged gülbudak motifs of the elems appear to have been a design specific to the Saçikara tribe. – Slight signs of age and wear.

    Published:
    KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 40

    • Lot27
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Konya region
    • Dimensions145 x 88 cm
    • AgeFirst half 19th century
    • Estimate EUR2,000 - 3,000
    Comparatively coarse in weaving structure, this small white-ground kilim presenting a striking graphic design in just five colours was made in a village in the Karapinar area. Koll states the village of Divle as the provenance of a comparative example published by him. Only a very few examples of this type have survived. The same group includes kilims featuring architectural representations of mosques which have survived in larger numbers (e.g. Poppmeier Auction I, lot 50, see catalogue entry for further publications). The red lateral borders with a trefoil design and parmakli outlines are a characteristic shared feature. – Six narrow two-tone double niches constitute the primary design of this item; the spaces between them each contain three diamonds with long parmakli outlines. Thin lines of varying lengths cover the field, creating a sense of flow in the field design. Such small-format kilims woven in saf designs may have served as curtains in front of wall niches; they were not used as prayer rugs. This item is very similar to a kilim published by Frauenknecht in 1982, then still unrestored, and by Eskenazi, in restored condition, in 1985. – Several holes, slight damage to the sides and ends. Mounted onto canvas and attached to a wooden frame.

    Literature:
    FRAUENKNECHT 1982, Abb. 19 = ESKENAZI/VALCARENGHI 1985, Nr. 44 *** KOLL 2011, Tf. 30 *** RIPPON BOSWELL, A 93, 2018, # 50 *** KOLL 2011, Tf. 30

    Published:
    KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 76 *** REINISCH 2018, TP 101, S. 104 und 105

    • Lot28
    • OriginEast Anatolia
    • Dimensions307 x 149 cm
    • AgeCa. 1700
    • Estimate EUR7,000 - 9,000
    Very finely woven in a single piece, this large cult kilim is one of the greatest rarities in the Poppmeier Collection. It was probably made in a village in the Sivas region, i.e. the far north east of Cappadocia. A comparative example from the Megalli Collection published recently probably belongs to the same group, but the more static appearance of its design suggests that it is considerably later in date. – Three nested diamonds with bold serrated outlines are aligned on the central axis of the salmon field and surrounded by widely spaced stars, hexagons enclosing stars and parmakli designs. Brown merlons with fine blue outlines protrude inwards and outwards along the sides – the ancient mural crown motif – to form a protective barrier against hostile outside influences. Reciprocal trefoils composed of triangles border the field at both ends. The subtle palette and perfectly balanced composition make this kilim a masterpiece of the finest aesthetic quality. It was discovered in Anatolia by Konzett, then still cut into four segments, and later sensitively restored. – Missing sections, the sides are incomplete in places. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    KRODY 2018, Nr. 34

    Published:
    KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 63 *** DIENES/REINISCH Graz 2001, Nr. 142 *** REINISCH 2018, TP 11, S. 122 und 123

    • Lot29
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Konya region
    • Dimensions242 x 149 cm
    • AgeMid 19th century
    • Estimate EUR2,300 - 3,000
    Kilims featuring horizontal stripes have been woven in every Turkish region, probably for many centuries. The range of variations seen in their diverse compositions, designs, colours and the quality of their materials is huge. The appeal of this originally longer, two-panel Karapinar kilim is in the juxtaposition of undecorated sections woven in camel wool and wide design bands decorated with ribbon-style designs in different colour schemes. – Reduced in length, incomplete corners, several missing sections. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    KOLL/STEINBOCK 2015, Tfn. 32, 33 *** BRÜGGEMANN 1993, Tfn. 6, 7

    Published:
    REINISCH 2018, TP 91, S. 62 und 63

    • Lot30
    • OriginEast Anatolia
    • Dimensions336 x 153 cm
    • AgePre 1800
    • Estimate EUR4,000 - 5,000
    One of Theodor Poppmeier’s favourite pieces, this two-panel kilim woven without lateral borders is captivating on account of its extreme level of abstraction. It begs comparison with American painter Barnett Newman (1905 - 1970), one of the main representatives of abstract expressionism. Although there is no immediate connection, the visual similarities bear testimony that artists from very different cultures living in different periods found similar solutions in their approaches to surface design, sharing similar conceptual ideas. – The field, in vividly changing shades of red, is a large, completely empty space bordered at both ends by equally undecorated brown and purple bands placed on a transparent azure ground. We do not know what the Anatolian weaver intended to express or the purpose for which the kilim was originally woven – whether it was a cult object or an object intended for everyday use. As in African tribal art, the great artistic value of these weavings is only evident when they are taken out of their ethnological context, allowing them to be viewed from an entirely new perspective. A second kilim of this very rare group has been published by Koll. – Various missing sections, the corners and end finishes are incomplete in places. Mounted onto a brown fabric.

    Literature:
    KOLL 2016, Tf. 63

    Published:
    REINISCH 2018, TP 15, S. 68