Major Spring Auktion
Saturday 25. May 2019 at 3 p.m.
An old Bijar woven on a wool warp, with a field ranging from dark blue to dark brown in ground colour. A repeat of large star-shaped blossoms aligned on the central axis is surrounded by lateral pairs of palmettes and many small motifs. – Slight signs of age and wear, minimal damage to the sides, good overall condition.
- North West Persia, Kurdistan
- 260 x 135 cm
- Early 20th century
The tile-like field design of this Kurdish rug from Khorasan consists of eighteen large Memling güls filled with stars and placed in square red-ground compartments. In the border, stepped reciprocal trefoils in red and white form a surrounding frieze. – Kurdish tribes have lived in Khorasan for a very long time. A major relocation movement took place around 1600, during the reign of Shah Abbas, when Kurds from Azerbaijan migrated east to escape the constant battles between the Ottoman and Safavid armies. They settled in the North East Persian border area close to Central Asia and from then on protected the border from Uzbek and Turkmen raids. The Memling gül probably belonged to the traditional design repertoire of the Azerbaijani Kurds, and this is why it is so frequently encountered in Kordi rugs. – Good condition, a high pile, new overcasting along the sides.
- North East Persia, Khorasan
- 240 x 131 cm
- Ca. 1900
This large Bijar woven on a wool foundation shows a traditional medallion design in the geometric style of antique weavings from this provenance. The wool and colours are of the finest quality. – Very good condition, new overcasting along the left-hand selvedge in places.
- North West Persia, Kurdistan
- 355 x 232 cm
- Second half 19th century
The workshops of the East and South Caucasus began producing carpets for the Russian market at a comparatively early stage, often in floral designs which suited the taste for the French style prevalent during the Czarist Empire. This example of outstanding quality woven in brilliant colours may be modelled on an Aubusson. The date "1259" (= 1844) is repeated twice at the upper end of the field. Levi has published a Zeikhur vagireh similar in style and palette, which was made in 1851 according to its woven date. – In perfect condition and with the netted warps preserved at both ends, this Zeikhur was obviously never used.
- East Caucasus, Kuba
- 162 x 118 cm
- Dated 1259 AH = 1844 AD
LEVI, ALBERTO, Antica Arte Tessile – Antique Textile Art. Milan 2000, no. 14
The dark brown field is filled with a repeat of stars arranged in offset rows and drawn in diverse colours which do not follow a specific pattern. The heavily corroded ground makes the motifs stand out like a sculptural relief. The border of two bands which differ in width, with designs and colours typical of the provenance, and the knotting structure are characteristic Zeikhur features; however, the field design is very rarely encountered in this rug group. – Good condition, original finishes all around.
- East Caucasus, Kuba region
- 234 x 107 cm
- Second half 19th century
This small red-ground village rug from the Kozak region features a white double niche design drawn in a strictly geometric style. The elongated red rectangle at the centre of the double niche form contains two gül-like ornaments which probably originate from Central Asia. Amulets are arranged around it, and stars within octagonal surrounds lie in the field corners. A rare collector’s piece woven in a striking design and in very beautiful colours. – Slight signs of wear, low pile, original finishes all around.
- North West Turkey, Bergama region
- 139 x 107 cm
- Mid 19th century
HERRMANN, EBERHART, Seltene Orientteppiche V. Munich 1983, no. 5
The golden yellow field of this unique village rug from the Konya region is decorated with horizontal rows of large amulets which all appear to float freely, almost to dance, in space. Their rhythm is only broken by an aubergine-ground medallion placed above the centre. The field design terminates in a red horizontal stripe with seven star-shaped blossoms at the very top. – Fragmented condition, a large section is missing at the bottom right. Signs of age and wear, low pile, several dark stains. Mounted onto canvas.
- Central Anatolia
- 227 x 128 cm
- 18th century
The term “tapestry” is used to describe a flatweave produced on a loom with horizontal warps in the slit tapestry technique, whereby slits are created at the points of return in each colour section of the design which are later sewn up. The weavers are guided by a design drawn on a cartoon spread behind the loom, translating it exactly to scale (one to one). Tapestries were used as wall hangings. – This large tapestry woven in the first half of the 18th century is a verdure (landscape tapestry) from one of the workshops in the Flemish town of Oudenaarde (situated south of Ghent in East Flanders), which looked back on a long tradition of producing such landscape hangings. The weaver’s woven mark usually seen at one side is absent in this item, so the workshop can no longer be identified with certainty. Woven in wool and silk in a medium weave density, the tapestry is well drawn and pleasant in appearance even though it has darkened considerably. The comparatively narrow and simply drawn border is a remarkable feature.
- Netherlands, Oudenaarde
- 304 x 466 cm
- First half 18th century
The foreground is dominated by a swathe of a wooded hilly landscape featuring large trees and bushes with dense foliage. The white heightening of the leaves produces a light-and-shade effect, creating a vibrant three-dimensional impression. A stalking fox approaching from the left and a seemingly dramatic cock-fight at the bottom right add a narrative touch to the front part of the picture. In the characteristic way of verdures, the slanting trees are arranged to produce vistas suggesting pictorial depth to achieve an illusion of perspective. The background is a wide mountainous landscape of rivers and lakes. At the exact centre of the picture, a fortified town is seen on the brow of a hill, with a church below it and a castle on the banks of a stretch of water at the right-hand edge. The colours – largely restricted to shades of green, blue, brown and beige, with only a few red sections – are typical of verdures, but would have been far stronger originally and have faded over the course of time. – The tapestry is rather well preserved, although the silk sections are somewhat fragile. The blue trim attached to the outer edges was added at a later date. Several of the seams have come undone and are thus are no longer intact. The back has been secured with vertical fabric panels stitched to the reverse. The tapestry has darkened substantially, and expert cleaning would probably restore the colours to some of their former freshness.
Charles Sternberg, Verdure Tapestry. Vigo-Sternberg Galleries. London 1983, no. 48
This very rare Caucasian silk embroidery presenting a figural design was created in the "surface darning" technique on a blue-and-white, small check cotton foundation. The stitches hermetically cover the whole of the surface. The embroidery was made during the early Qajar period in Lenkoran, a town situated in the Talish region which was then a province of the Persian Empire. The purple field has a tile design in various colours featuring alternately male and female figures in Oriental dress who face the viewer in a sitting position. The tiles offset against them contain large peacocks. The field is topped by a steeply ascending arch with curved outlines, and the green section above it is decorated with floral stems. The pale yellow main border contains a spaciously conceived vine bearing flowers and lancet-shaped leaves. – Sixteen embroideries of this group were known before now, and our example adds no. 17 to the total. Although closely related in style and almost always produced in formats like our piece, the embroideries display different designs and compositions. Having said that, an embroidery from the Azadi Collection sold by the Austria Auction Company in 2017 is almost identical to the example offered here. - Minimal signs of wear, very good overall condition except for a number of small stains and two tiny holes.
- South East Caucasus, Talish-Lenkoran region
- 174 x 129 cm
- Ca. 1775 - 1800
HALI Publications (publ.), Stars of the Caucasus. London 2017, nos. 4.49 and 4.50, pp. 101, 102 *** AUSTRIA AUCTION COMPANY, auction 7, 22 April 2017, # 95
A large red-ground sumakh from the workshops of the Kuba region. The three huge, blue or green cartouche medallions each enclose a large octagon and are linked by a pole along the central axis. – Very good condition.
- East Caucasus
- 342 x 225 cm
- Mid 19th century
BORALEVI, ALBERTO, Sumakh. Flat-Woven carpets of the Caucasus. Florence 1986, no. 10