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POPPMEIER COLLECTION II

Saturday 23. March 2019 at 3 p.m.

87 Lots
Exchange rate
0.859 GBP1 Euro
1.130 USD1 Euro
    • Lot31
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Cappadocia
    • Dimensions280 x 90 cm
    • AgeCa. 1800 or earlier
    • Result EUR18,450
    A very rare village kilim from the Avanos region in the modern-day province of Nevsehir. According to Hirsch and Stanzer who discussed the kilim in the TKF publication, "Textil Kunst Feuer", it was woven by a Turkic-speaking tribal group and intended for a funeral ceremony. After the burial, such cult kilims were donated to the local mosque and thus preserved. Hirsch writes that he is aware of just three examples of this type. – Like many of the Poppmeier kilims, this piece is striking on account of its highly abstract design and reduction to essentials. The weaver deliberately dispensed with secondary and decorative motifs. Four large, nested, serrated diamonds in subtle pastel shades are aligned on the central axis of the empty sand-coloured field which conveys a sense of calm. Instead of a detailed border design, the aubergine lateral sections are decorated with sharp points and long, highly stylised tulips. They represent a protective barrier against evil outside influences from which the deceased had to be shielded. An example comparable in size and concept is illustrated in "100 Kelims". – Both ends reduced, signs of age and wear, minor holes.

    Literature:
    PETSOPOULOS 1991, Nr. 35

    Published:
    DIENES/REINISCH 2001, Nr. 156 *** TKF 2002, Tf. 35 *** REINISCH 2018, TP 19, S. 106 und 107

    • Lot32
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Cappadocia
    • Dimensions413 x 117 cm
    • AgeCa. 1800
    • Result EUR44,280
    Woven without borders and probably made in Aksaray, this kilim features impressively intense and luminous colours in the beautiful combinations that are highly characteristic of historic Anatolian flatweaves (e.g. purple and dark green). Composed of only a few large shapes, the design achieves an arresting visual effect. Each of the ten wide horizontal panels, separated by bands of narrow monochrome stripes, contains a cartouche with sharply serrated sides enclosing a large hooked diamond. The hooked diamonds are positioned at the exact centre, combining into a vertical axis which counterbalances the horizontal bias of the composition. The sides of the field are decorated with parmakli designs. – Previously published in "Orient Stars", this very rare kilim once belonged to the Kirchheim Collection. The coherent composition has led Dienes/Reinisch to assume that a second half did not exist. – Several missing areas, both ends reduced. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    COOTNER 1990, Tf. 16 *** TÜRCK 1995, Nr. 27 *** RAGETH 1999, Tf. 37 *** Bausback 1983, Tf. 35

    Published:
    KIRCHHEIM 1993, Nr. 97 *** DIENES/REINISCH 2001, Nr. 152 *** REINISCH 2018, TP 7, S. 44 und 45

    • Lot33
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Cappadocia
    • Dimensions427 x 131 cm
    • AgePre 1800
    • Result EUR2,460
    A very old, two-panel Hotamis Turkmen kilim woven in wonderfully rich and luminous colours. The surviving section constitutes the major part of one half and a panel reduced in width from the other half. Originally the kilim would have been some 190 centimetres wide. The field design consists of carnations arranged in pairs drawn in the nomadic kilim style, with vertical rows of serrated diamonds inserted between them. The white-ground border is decorated with immaculately drawn gülbudak designs. – Major missing sections. Mounted onto canvas.
    • Lot35
    • OriginEast Anatolia
    • Dimensions400 x 225 cm
    • Age18th century
    • Result EUR51,660
    Captivating due to its dignified and sacred appearance, this monumental multiple prayer rug displays six alternately red and green mihrab fields which expand into steep stepped arches ending in tower-like tips. Except for the curled hooks protruding inwards from their scalloped outlines and a row of delicate carnations attached to thin stems along the lower edge, the mihrab fields are empty spaces and dominant features due to their colour effect. In sharp contrast, the sections above the arches are richly decorated in many different designs. The wide main border displays large flowers in subtle pastel shades on an apricot ground, accompanied by minutely drawn, geometric motifs. All the white design sections are woven in cotton. – The only immediately comparable Erzerum saf is kept at the Vakiflar Museum, Istanbul (inv. no. 57). Equal in length, it is some 60 centimetres less wide (400 x 165 cm) or, viewed horizontally, 60 centimetres less high; as a result, its composition appears more compressed and less generous. Balpinar/Hirsch state that this kilim was discovered in the Ulu mosque of Sivas. It is presumed to have been made by a tribal group who had immigrated from the Caucasus. – Signs of age and wear, corroded brown, several missing sections. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    BALPINAR/HIRSCH 1982, Tf. 88

    Published:
    KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 79 *** REINISCH 2018, TP 22, S. 100 und 101

    • Lot36
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Cappadocia
    • Dimensions400 x 164 cm
    • AgeFirst half 19th century
    • Result EUR3,936
    Three green-ground hexagons converge along the central axis of this white-ground single-panel kilim. They enclose pointed diamonds with sharply serrated outlines, hermetically nested to create concentric colour rings. The red hooked outlines of the hexagons continue at the upper and lower ends of the field to form V-shapes opening outwards. Thin horizontal poles bearing hook shapes (possibly abstract birds) extend from the points where the hexagons connect, and shorter horizontal pole motifs that are different in drawing but probably similar in iconographic meaning are attached to the lateral points of the hexagons. Large hooked diamonds, small hexagons and funnel shapes fill the field. The vertical borders consist of sharp red points (mural crown motif). – Captivating features in this unusual kilim include the precision of the drawing and the luminous colours. It has been woven with great care. The outlines of several designs are accentuated by embroidery in contrasting colours. There are no known immediately comparable examples, but a red-ground kilim in the Vok Collection probably belongs to the same group. – The finish of the field and the elem are missing at one end. Corroded light brown sections, several stains. Good overall condition. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    VOK 1997, Nr. 76 = RIPPON BOSWELL, A 91, 2017, # 229

    Published:
    KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 57 *** REINISCH 2018, TP 89, S. 116 und 117

    • Lot37
    • OriginNorth Anatolia
    • Dimensions367 x 79 cm
    • AgePre 1800
    • Result EUR984
    This half of a white-ground, originally two-panel kilim is attributed to the Çankiri region, an area north east of Ankara and north west of Yozkat, in the Ploier/Konzett publication. Hexagons containing nested serrated devices in varying colours are aligned on the central axis of the field. Two-dimensional double hooks are offset against them, combining with the ground to produce reciprocal forms which fill the lateral sections of the field. The hooks open outwards, and their tips point towards the middle. Separated from the field by a border of undulating lines of elongated S-figures, the two white-ground elems are embellished with star motifs. The palette is remarkably light, with a high proportion of salmon, light brown and nuanced shades of green. Different yarns were used for the warps – comparatively thick, mottled brown-and-white yarns on the outside and fine white yarns at the centre. As an inevitable result, the kilim is finer in weaving structure at the centre of the field. – Several missing areas, heavily corroded brown in places. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    FRAUENKNECHT 1984, Tf. 21

    Published:
    KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 50

    • Lot38
    • OriginCentral Anatolia
    • Dimensions435 x 182 cm
    • AgePre 1800
    • Result EUR1,476
    Heavily abrashed in several places, the brown-red field of this large, single-panel Konya kilim is dominated by four massive sets of five hooked hexagons with white, serrated lateral outlines. They combine into a design bar along the central axis. The outermost blue-ground hexagons are decorated with hooked outlines in the vertical direction only, each arranged exactly face-to-face with the hooks of the next large motif to create a joint band of reciprocal shapes in brown-red and white. Most of the white design sections are woven in cotton, lightening the appearance of the whole. Hooked hexagons fill the sides of the field. The narrow border consists of brown double hooks with white tips. A horizontal stripe of S-figures completes the kilim at both ends. – Most of the large-format medallion kilims from the Konya region display a white ground or, less commonly, a blue or a red ground. The dark brown-red ground colour of this example is a rare exception. – Signs of age and wear, damaged sides. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    PETSOPOULOS 1980, Nr. 138 *** BAUSBACK 1983, Tf. 22

    Published:
    KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 45

    • Lot39
    • OriginNorth West Anatolia, Kütahya region
    • Dimensions287 x 157 cm
    • AgeCa. 1800
    • Result EUR4,920
    The light red field is dominated by a green tree of life, its right-angled horizontal pairs of branches ending in double hooks. Two deep blue trees of life, analogous in drawing and linked by a horizontal bar at either end of the field, are offset against the primary design, completing it into a composition of three trees and creating a surround. The trunks and horizontal bars are decorated with pairs of hooks and hourglass shapes; due to the high proportion of white in these motifs, the kilim appears brighter and more colourful than other examples of the group. Other rare features include the wide outer band of brown camel wool and the many brocaded decorative motifs. Very fine in weave, rich in ornamentation and less austere in appearance than Yüncü kilims from the Balikesir region, this example was probably made in the south eastern part of this settled area, i.e. the surroundings of Kütahya. Attributed to the Karakecili by some experts, the two-dimensional style of drawing is a characteristic feature of the group. – The red side finishes have been rewoven, and several further rewoven sections are seen in the field.

    Literature:
    ESKENAZI/VALCARENGHI1985, Nr. 29 *** BLACK/LOVELESS 1977, Tf. 11 *** PETSOPOULOS 1991, Nr. 18 *** LANDREAU 1978, Abb. 33, S. 30 *** RIPPON BOSWELL, A 46, 1996, # 155

    Published:
    REINISCH 2018, TP 83, S. 74 und 75 *** KONZETT/PLOIER 1991, Nr. 9

    • Lot40
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Cappadocia
    • Dimensions368 x 145 cm
    • AgeCa. 1700
    • Result EUR18,450
    Kilims and other flatweaves were discovered as a collecting field some fifty years ago. The criteria for their assessment have changed over the course of time. Initially almost disregarded by collectors, kilims featuring large empty spaces now rank at the very top. Theodor Poppmeier, whose eye has been trained by his long-standing study of abstract art, felt particularly attracted by these pieces and was one of the first to recognise the magic aura of such minimalist works of art. – Enlivened by wave-like nuances in colour, the azure field is completely empty, as are the narrow, monochrome salmon surround and the yellow stripes at both ends. The weaver merely added small apotropaic symbols in the brocading technique in a very few places. The kilim has a mysterious presence that is hard to put into words, although any sensitive observer will be struck by it. Dienes/Reinisch assume that this cult kilim was made for a funeral ceremony and later donated to the local mosque. Very finely woven without slits (the wefts are interlocked at the points of transition from the field to the border), this example is probably from the Aksaray region. Another kilim in the Poppmeier Collection presenting an empty blue field, albeit in combination with a central medallion, serrated borders and bolder colours, was woven in North West Anatolia. A further comparable piece is a greatly reduced kilim from the Megalli Collection (now in the Textile Museum, Washington, DC) which was published very recently. – Several larger missing sections, cut horizontally in one place so a short piece of the original length may be missing. Both sections have been artfully mounted onto canvas, and the reconstruction has resulted in a harmonious whole.

    Literature:
    BRÜGGEMANN 1993, Tf. 4 = DIENES/REINISCH 2001, Nr. 159 = RIPPON BOSWELL, A 93, 2018, # 29 *** KRODY 2018, Nr. 23

    Published:
    DIENES/REINISCH 2001, Nr. 159 *** REINISCH 2018, TP 17, S. 50 und 51

    • Lot41
    • OriginCentral Anatolia, Cappadocia
    • Dimensions276 x 171 cm
    • AgePre 1800
    • Result EUR1,722
    Woven in a single piece in subtle shades, this early kilim displays a strikingly rare design. The primary motifs (hexagons enclosing central stars and decorated with large, lateral double hooks) combine into a hermetic repeat arranged in horizontal rows by colour change. They appear as halved forms along the left; it is possible that the weaver, working from right to left, made a mistake when planning the size of the designs. The wide, golden yellow border displays stylised carnations. – Various missing sections, incomplete all around. Mounted onto canvas.

    Literature:
    TÜRCK 1995, Nr. 1 *** COOTNER/MUSE 1990, Tfn. 35 - 37